1v rail to tail operational amplifier design for sample and hold circuits
At low voltage, the input common mode voltage of Operational amplifier is limited which restricts its use as a buffer. This works deals with designing a rail to rail amplifier. The Thesis presents a 1V rail to rail operational amplifier that has been used as a unity gain buffer in the sample and hold circuit for 1V 10 bit 1MSPS pipeline ADC in 0.18?m technology. The Operational amplifier is designed using dynamic level shifting technique which uses an additional input CM adapter circuit for fixing the input common mode voltage. Novelty in the input CM adapter circuit and a low value of gm fluctuation (�0.245%) has been achieved. The Operational amplifier is implemented in standard CMOS technology. An open loop architecture is chosen for the implementation of sample and hold circuit. The transmission gate switch is used in the sample and hold circuit for reducing the effect of channel charge injection and clock feedthrough. Also, the transmission gate switch offers a low resistance as compared to pMOS or nMOS switches. The sample and hold circuit speed up to 1MSPS has been achieved.
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