Design of fiber to the village using passive optical networks
Fiber occupied networks are coming out with a performances which are supporting the ongoing demands for very huge connections. One best technology that had evolved in the previous few course of time is Passive Optical Networks. Fiber to the “X” is in very huge demand all over the world. To contend the demands of the rural and semi urban areas, FTTX networks need to be upgraded. In this thesis we propose a inexpensive solution for fulfilling the demands of rural area using the existing passive splitter based infrastructure The validity and applicability of the Passive Optical Networks (PON) Model has been proven by academics and practitioners alike. As the framework model, Passive optical network provides a full set of tool in order to deconstruct, understand and maximize ones benefits. This thesis brings out the planning and design of a PON based Fiber to the Village (FTTV) Network architecture. The basic idea of the project is to construct a network architecture that would be the optimal design for this network. In this thesis, an aspect of Fibre based Passive Optical Network Technology is presented. In this thesis existing Passive optical network technologies have been surveyed. The need of higher capacity Networks in the rural areas is to be developed on the basis of day to day emerging high data rate demands in rural and semi urban areas. FTTV for broadband application may be considered an effective solution for higher capacity networks. PON based technologies are new for Indian telecom network and will grow extensively in nearby future for higher capacity applications. Furthermore, the maintainces issue is critical factor for designing a Fibre to the village Network. We analyze the fault tolerance in a Passive Optical Network and the results were used for Design of Fault tolerance FTTV. The thesis also analyzes the loss budget and transmission capacities, both are crucial in design of a network. This will give the basic design concepts and technical tradeoffs we need to assess in the system. Furthermore, in future research will make FTTV cost effective and provide the best optimal design of FTTV network.
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